The old fortified citadel, San Marino.

ESC - San Marino -

Monte Titano

, 749m - Info

Introduction :

San Marino. The Most Serene Republic of San Marino is the third smallest nation in Europe (after Monaco and the Holy See). It is also the oldest surviving constitutional republic in the world, escaping the unification process that merged all the other former Italian states into one during the 19th Century. Legend has it that the city state was founded in A.D. 301 by Marinus of Rab, a Christian stonemason fleeing the religious persecution of Roman Emperor Diocletian.

The highest point in the Republic is occupied by an old fortified citadel, and is in itself a tourist magnet. Open hours are typically 9am until 5pm, and after paying an enterance fee, head for the Cesta Fortress, the second tower of three built along on the fortress walls.

Whilst the highpoint can be reached within 30 minutes of arrival in the citadel, taking a longer walk to explore San Marino on its network of nature trails would be more inkeeping with the spirit of adventure.

Maps and Books :

OpenStreetMaps shows the ascent routes.

Getting there and away :

San Marino's closest airport, is Federico Fellini International Airport close to the Italian city of Rimini.

There are no trains into San Marino, so you're limited to buses or driving yourself. Depending on the season there are up to nine buses shuttling to Rimini daily. There's also a daily service to Urbino. Both services leave from Piazzale Calcigni (aka Piazalle delle Autocorriere). If you're keen to drive, take the S72 from Rimini's city centre. Park near the funivia (cable car) and catch it into the city centre.